The Ein Shemer apple is a delicious variety originating near Jerusalem in Israel. It has been enjoyed for years due to its sweet-tart flavor and crisp texture. Despite this, it has remained relatively unknown outside Israel’s borders until fairly recently. Now, it is becoming increasingly popular among agricultural experts and health enthusiasts. Some are even starting to crossbreed it with other species to bring out more benefits from this flavorful fruit.
Crossbreeding is an age-old tactic used by growers to create new varieties of produce that express specific characteristics wanted out of plants—a technique that can also be applied to Ein Shemer apples. This article discusses crossbreeding Ein Shemer apples and how to select the best candidates for this.
What is an Ein Shemer Apple?
Ein Shemer apples are a variety of apples cultivated in Israel’s northern Jezreel Valley, the Ein Shemer Kibbutz, since the 1950s. Its ancestors include some of the oldest types of apples in the world, dating back to ancient times. The name Ein Shemer is derived from Hebrew, with “Ein” meaning “Spring” and “Shemer” being the name of an ancient king.
Ein Shemer apples often have speckles or stripes on their red-brown skin. They are medium-sized, naturally sweet, juicy, and crunchy, with a sweet aroma often likened to honey. Its deep red coloring and tart undertones make it an excellent choice for baking, cider-making, and eating. Ein Shemer apples are also used for making cider or jams.
This apple has become an essential part of Israeli cuisine and culture, and you can find it in markets across Israel. It is considered a premium apple and can cost about 50-70% more than other varieties of apples.
An Apple Tree for Warmer Climates
Ein Shemer apples are an excellent option for warmer climates. The variety is known for its heat tolerance and fast growth rate, making it an ideal choice for areas that experience warm temperatures during the summer months. Furthermore, they are resistant to many diseases common in warmer climates and can be harvested in late summer or early fall and kept in storage until the next harvest.
All this makes Ein Shemer apples perfect for anyone wishing to grow apples in warmer states. It’s also one of the reasons why Wildtree.co stocks this variety of apples: it’s a great choice for Texas and most of the American south.
Ein Shemer Apple is Self-Pollinating
Ein Shemer is a type of apple cultivar that is considered partially self-fertile. This means it can produce fruit from its pollen but will yield better if cross-pollinated with another compatible apple variety.
While it is possible for Ein Shemer apple trees to self-pollinate and produce fruit without the need for another apple tree nearby, it is generally recommended to plant another apple tree nearby to improve pollination and fruit quality while also increasing the yield.
Why Cross-Pollinate Ein Shemer Apples?
Crossbreeding is a common practice in apple breeding and helps create new varieties with a wide range of characteristics and qualities.
People crossbreed Ein Shemer apples with other varieties to create new hybrid apples. Ein Shemers are often used as a parent apple in various breeding programs to create new varieties with desirable traits, such as improved disease resistance, higher yields, and different flavor profiles.
One example of a hybrid apple created using Ein Shemer is the Modi apple, which was developed in Israel in the 1990s by crossing Ein Shemer with another Israeli apple variety called Priwin. The Modi apple has red skin, a dense texture, and a sweet, slightly tart flavor.
When cross-pollination is successful, it can bring several such benefits. Additionally, because different kinds of apples have slightly different adapted traits, you can get access to hardier or tastier varieties that may not exist naturally by cross-pollinating them.
Higher Fruit Yield
When trees are cross-pollinated, the pollen from one tree is transferred to another by insects or wind. This increases the chance that the fertilized flowers will develop into mature fruits.
By cross-pollinating two varieties of apple trees (also known as rootstocks), you can thus increase the number of flowers, resulting in bigger and better fruit yields. Cross-pollination also increases the fertility rate, leading to a larger harvest at the end of the season.
Diversity in the Species
When two different varieties of apple trees are cross-pollinated, there is a chance that new genetic combinations will be created.
Cross-pollination thus encourages genetic recombination, which can result in more disease-resistant varieties and is a great way to increase genetic diversity in apple species. Through pollinating two different apple trees, growers can create new varieties that may be better adapted to particular climates or have higher levels of beneficial nutrients. For example, the resulting hybrid apple trees may have improved productivity or flavor profiles compared to their parents.
Cross-pollinating apples helps increase diversity in the species, which helps protect it from extinction. It can also lead to discoveries such as disease and pest-resistance genes, which could be invaluable for apple growers in the future.
What Are the Best Pollinator Partners for Ein Shemer Apples?
To ensure adequate pollination, choosing a pollinator partner that blooms simultaneously as the Ein Shemer apple tree is best. Growers generally choose varieties compatible with the Ein Shemer, considering factors such as bloom time, proximity, and compatibility.
Recommended pollinator partners for Ein Shemer apples include Anna, Gala, Pink Lady, and Red Delicious.
The Anna apple is a variety of apples originating from India. Like Ein Shemer apples, Anna apples are medium-sized with a sweet and tart taste. They are greenish-yellow in color with a mild cinnamon aroma. Anna apples are popular in Indian cuisine, balancing flavor with texture and sweetness. They can be eaten raw, cooked in dishes, or used as a dessert ingredient.
Like the Ein Shemer, Anna apple trees grow in warm climates and bloom at the same time as it, which makes them a good pollinator partner. Another reason Anna is a good choice is that it produces a large amount of pollen, increasing the chances of successful pollination.
The Golden Dorsett Apple is a variety of apples developed at the Ohio State University by Dr. Phillip Dorsett in the late 1940s. The golden yellow-orange-colored Golden Dorsett Apple has an exceptionally sweet and juicy taste that is said to rival the best-selling Honeycrisp. It is a popular heirloom variety, prized for its unique flavor, crunchy texture, and tart-sweet finish. These apples are ideal for baking and making applesauce and are a great addition to salads and other dishes.
The Golden Dorsett apple is generally small to medium-sized, with a bright yellow or gold skin color, often blushed with red. The flesh is crisp and juicy and has a sweet flavor with a slight tartness. Like Ein Shemers, Golden Dorsett apples are an early-season variety and are typically ready for harvest in mid to late summer.
This makes them a great pollinator partner for Ein Shemers. Since this apple variety needs two different varieties of pollen to produce a successful fruit set, having Golden Dorsett as the other partner increases the chance of good pollination and yields. As a bonus, Golden Dorsett blooms at the same time as Ein Shemer apple trees and provides more significant amounts of nectar than some other varieties. This means more bees will be available for pollination, making for a healthier and stronger orchard overall.
The Gala apple is a type of apple that is characterized by its yellow and red stripes. Developed in New Zealand in the 1930s, it has become one of the most popular apples worldwide. The Gala has a sweet-tart flavor, crunchy texture, and juicy flesh that makes it perfect for eating raw or baking into pies and other desserts.
Gala apples are generally considered a good pollinator for various apple trees thanks to their excellent pollen production, and Ein Shemer apples are no exception. Since both varieties have the same bloom time and type, they will ensure successful pollination when planted together in an orchard. Additionally, Gala apples have a sweeter taste than other apple varieties, so that they can enhance the flavor of Ein Shemer apples.
The Pink Lady apple is a type of apple first developed in Western Australia. It has a unique flavor—tart yet sweet—with a creamy white flesh beneath its pinkish skin. The Pink Lady got its name from the blush of pink that appears on its skin when exposed to cold temperatures and is one of the most popular apples in Europe and North America. Its crunchy texture and sweet-tart flavor make it perfect for snacking or baking, and it can stay fresh for several weeks when stored correctly.
Pink Lady varieties are excellent pollinators for Ein Shemer apples. They are known for their heavy and reliable bloom, which makes them a perfect choice when planting within or near an Ein Shemer apple orchard. In addition to providing good pollination, Pink Lady produces high-quality fruit that makes excellent fresh-eating apples and can be used in cooking.
Additionally, the two varieties are compatible in terms of blooming period, which means they will flower simultaneously, increasing their chances of successful pollination.
The Red Delicious apple is a variety of apples often recognizable by its deep red color and five-pointed shape. Originating in Iowa, it is one of the most popular apples worldwide and can be found in grocery stores year-round.
Red Delicious apples are sweet, juicy, and crisp, making them great for snacking, baking, and cooking. They also contain several essential vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin C and potassium, making them a healthy choice to include in your diet.
Red Delicious is an excellent pollinator for Ein Shemer apples. Both varieties flower around the same time, which makes them a suitable choice as a pollinator. In addition, Red Delicious apple trees produce an abundant amount of pollen, which will be carried by bees to the blossoms of Ein Shemer trees, increasing their chances of setting fruit and the overall yield.
Ein Shemer Apples: A Tasty Treat for Deer
The fruit from Ein Shemer apple trees ripens during the summer months of June and July. They make an excellent choice for orchards and wildlife food plots because of the apple’s taste and size. That’s why Wildtree.co offers Ein Shemer apples: they’re an outstanding choice for attracting deer.